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It encompasses the whole gamut of identification of coal reserves, detailed exploration followed by design and implementation and optimizing operations for coal extraction in its mines. The producing companies are:. As a natural corollary India's energy needs too are fast expanding with its increased industrialization and capacity addition in Power generation.
This is where 'Coal' steps in. In India coal is the critical input for major infrastructure industries like Power, Steel and Cement. Coal is the most dominant energy source in India's energy scenario. India is the 3rd largest coal producing country in the world after China and USA. Coal India Limited at a glance Coal India Limited CIL as an organized state owned coal mining corporate came into being in November with the government taking over private coal mines.
With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes Mt at the year of its inception CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world. Operating through 82 mining areas CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India.
CIL also manages other establishments like workshops, hospitals etc. CIL having fulfilled the financial and other prerequisites was granted the Maharatna recognition in April It is a privileged status conferred by Government of India to select state owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants.
Mission of Coal India Limited To produce and market the planned quantity of coal and coal products efficiently and economically in an eco-friendly manner with due regard to safety, conservation and quality. The producing companies are: Coal India's major consumers are Power and Steel sectors. Others include Cement, Fertiliser, Brick Kilns, and small scale industries.
Against a coal production growth of 6. CIL's dynamic production momentum is evident from the fact that it leaped from Mt. Due to such massive growth in production of CIL, it has become possible that not a single Utility was in critical or supercritical condition for want of coal and at the same time there was decline in import of coal resulting in substantial Forex saving in Two of the subsidiary companies of CIL viz.
Acquiring assets abroad CIL is pursuing initiatives for acquiring metallurgical and high CV thermal coal assets abroad to enhance the energy security of the country. In spite of best efforts, realistically CIL would not be able to satiate growing demand of metallurgical coal, as well as good quality thermal coal, in the country from domestic sources due to scarce techno-economically extractable reserves of such grades. Since import of such grades of coal is inevitable, CIL, being the nation's leading energy supplier, is positioning itself in foreign coal producing countries to secure the supplies of domestically scarce grades of coal.
Transparency Initiatives Introduction of E-auction for selling coal to any consumer from any location in transparent manner In the endeavour to extend the facility of procuring coal in a transparent manner, CIL has brought a few additional features in the e-auction process for sale of coal. Now, multiple windows are available to cater the different needs of the consumers.
Segment specific forward e-auction for power and non-power consumers, apart from specific end-use consumers, the windows are designed to cater the need of those whose captive coal blocks have been de-allocated by the Order of Hon'ble Supreme Court or units otherwise stranded for non-availability of linkage or for not having Power Purchase Agreements with DISCOMs and therefore, are not entitled to procure coal through FSA route, etc.
Welfare measures for the community at large, so as to ensure the poorer section of the Society derived the maximum benefits. Contribution to the society at large by way of social and cultural development, imparting education, training and social awareness especially with regard to the economically backward class for their development and generation of income to avoid any liability of employment.
Protection and safeguard of environment and maintaining ecological balance. Mobile Dispensaries and wellness clinics introduced on a large scale. Tele-medicine facilities introduced in central hospitals.
Provides medical services to employees, their families and local populace through 86 fully equipped hospitals having beds. Employs specialist Doctors. Runs dispensaries and has Ambulances. Provides potable water to about 1. Introduced 'Coal India Scholarships' for Below Poverty Line students plus 25 wards of land losers in government engineering and medical colleges. Scholarship covers education, hostel and mess charges Meets the entire cost of wards of workmen securing admission in government engineering and medical colleges Committed to generate employment opportunities for people in mining areas by providing vocational training.
The poor and needy Section of the Society living in different parts of India would normally be covered. The company Pursues 'Mining with a human face' through socially sustainable inclusive model of growth by making Project Affected People stakeholders in the decision making process for their livelihood. Medical facilities extended to nearby communities in fully equipped company hospitals.
Mobile dispensaries and Tele-medicine facilities meant for employees also extended to nearby village populace. Care for Environment Coal India has been playing a proactive role in environment protection so as to ensure that its mining operations are carried out in environmentally compatible manner. Committed to minimize the adverse impact of coal mining on environment through well structured Environment Management Plans and sustainable development activities.
Suitable water spraying systems for arresting fugitive dust in roads, washeries, CHPs, Feeder Breakers, Crushers, coal transfer points and coal stock areas have been installed. Mist spray systems have been introduced along conveyor routes, transfer points and on bunkers. Mobile water sprinkling has been provided in all the haul roads of OC mines. Automatic sprinklers have also been installed in CHPs. Eco-friendly mode of transport in order to reduce the dust pollution due to road transportation are being adopted.
Massive tree plantation in and around mining area, controlled blasting, use of modern techniques reduce air and noise pollution.
Domestic waste water treatment facilities have also been provided to deal with the domestic effluent. The level of pollutants is being monitored on routine basis as per the statutory guidelines to ascertain the efficacy of the pollution control measures being taken in the projects. Additional remedial measures are taken, if required, to keep the pollutant level within the limits prescribed by regulatory bodies.
Technical ad biological reclamation of the mined out areas and the external overburden dumps are being taken by planting native species of plants for restoring the ecology. For effective Bio- reclamation of used land, scientific studies are being carried out to select suitable species of plants for each coalfield and sustainable sequence of reclamation from grass to shrubs to trees for 3 tier plantation are also adopted.